is known about the newspaper collages on the rear of some KS portraits. The Armitt
has one (on the rear of Dr
Johnston) and has seen two others. One is on the reverse of the
portrait of Willow Rothwell [in poor condition]. The other is on
the rear of the portrait of Harry Pierce and is the largest and in the
best condition of any of the collages seen so far; we will be
investigating this find soon. Initially it was thought that
the collages were by KS, but, thanks to the Sprengel Museum, we now know
them to have been made by Ernst Schwitters during his time working for the
Norwegian Government in exile in London. With materials scarce, KS brought them
Ambleside and used the reverse for his portrait painting.
the newspaper cuttings refer to the
German occupation of Norway and include comments such as "Norway is
right for Invasion" [That is to say an Invasion by the Allies
to throw out the Germans.] They are labelled in mixed
English/German (for example Harrow Obserwer) and meticulously inked(?) in
black between the edges.
text under one
photograph translates as:
"On 9 April, Sweden honoured its brave
Norwegian sister nation on the third anniversary [of its occupation by
the German Army] at many meetings. The pictures show (??) for Martin
Tranmæl at a ceremony held at Vinterpalatset and a stage picture from
the performance about Norway at the same place. See the articles
on pages 5 and 9."
perhaps more interest is the item, translated from the headlined story as "Tyska kartor över Sverige".
The article is translated at right. Neutral Sweden had, at times, a strange relationship with
Germany during the war.
Another cutting at top left
of "rots alt" reads:
Thursday 22nd July 1943 Norwegian/American paper?
a spot for invasion
to recent dispatches, Norway is ready for invasion. A large
underground army is prepared to aid the attacking allies and the
Norwegians would welcome an invading army with the greatest cordiality.
The invasion may be on the Allied agenda too and may come from north
Scotland or Iceland or both. These pictures show Norway under
German occupation – conditions which have aroused the Norwegians to a
"German maps of
Sweden from Finland
A new sensational transit story."
are turning up thick and fast in the name of Swedish weakness. One
day a German ”courier” aircraft had to make a forced landing and was
found to be carrying soldiers, machine-guns, cameras, etc. – all of
which was allowed to be taken out of the country again untouched.
few days later a new incident. A railway wagon from a Finnish
goods train with its destination no less than Deutsche Wehrmacht,
Hamburg, i.e. the German Army, happened -----------------
---------------- to which the wagon with maps was taken (it contained
5-6 tons of ”paper” according to information provided). On
April 9 it was explained that this was ”nothing special” and that
there were no maps of Sweden. However, TT [The Swedish State News
Agency] announced on April 9:
maps gave a clear picture of the country’s [Sweden’s] communications
as well as important features such as power stations, including those
According to an evening newspaper in Stockholm, the maps were of three
types showing railways and roads, telephone and telegraph lines and were
very well made indeed. They included not only towns and villages
but also large farms, even telephone subscribers being shown.
maps were later taken to Stockholm and placed in an area surrounded by
barbed wire at Värtans railway station. It was also forbidden to
photograph the maps. The investigation in Stockholm was headed by
CID Superintendent Lundqvist together with customs officers and Army
result should be published for the general public in due course through
the Board of Information”, says A.T.
paper” according to German (illegible) who consider that people should
wait with confidence until the official Swedish investigation has been
completed. Unfortunately we cannot be sure of ever hearing the
whole truth through the official investigation. There are some
things that Sweden is not considered to feel good about if this matter
is thoroughly looked into and people informed of the truth. We
remember how things were with the German letter last autumn. Labour
under no delusions about ever getting any enlightenment. But what
can the intention have been with detailed maps of Sweden which were
printed in Germany in 1940 and taken to Finland? continued on page 12)
writes that to utilise Swedish (?????) is particularly repulsive.
Dagens Nyheter considers this statement to be ”pure ????”
grateful thanks to Eric Elliot for his translation of the Swedish